Effect of whole body cryotherapy interventions on health-related quality of life in fibromyalgia patients

Introduction

Although fibromyalgia syndrome (SFM) affects 2–4 percent of adults, research has not identified a preferred therapeutic option for patients worldwide yet. Based on recent findings, it can be expected that whole body cryotherapy can improve health-reported quality of life by alleviating the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain and fatigue.

Objective

Our aim was to determine whether whole body cryotherapy only can result in improved perceived health and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients.

Methods

24 patients with fibromyalgia diagnosis were randomized into 2 groups (n = 11 in the whole body cryotherapy group, n = 13 in the control group). In the whole body cryotherapy group, 10 sessions of whole body cryotherapy were performed (in addition to usual care) in a standard cryotherapy room over a duration of 8 days. Subjects in the control group did not change anything in their everyday activities. Quality of life was assessed just before and one month after treatment.

Results

Compared with the control group, patients in the whole body cryotherapy group reported significantly improved for health-reported quality of life. These effects lasted for at least one month following intervention.

Conclusion

Based on these findings, whole body cryotherapy can be recommended as an effective clinically adjuvant approach in the improvement of health-related quality of life in fibromyalgia patients.

Referrences

Complementary Therapies in Medicine, Volume 38, June 2018, Pages 92-93

M. Vitenet, F. Tubez, A. Marreiro, G. Polidori, R. Taiar, F. Legrand, F.C. Boyer

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